Letter to George Churchman and Jacob Lindley

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dc.contributor.author Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848 en_US
dc.coverage.spatial Washington, D.C. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-02-13T20:57:23Z
dc.date.available 2009-02-13T20:57:23Z
dc.date.created January 24, 1801 en_US
dc.date.issued 2009-02-13T20:57:23Z
dc.identifier.other GL0019_001 en_US
dc.identifier.other GL0019_002 en_US
dc.identifier.other GL0019_003 en_US
dc.identifier.other GL0019 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2374.OX/62407
dc.description Letter dated January 24, 1801, from John Adams to George Churchman and Jacob Lindley, two abolitionists who had sent Adams an antislavery pamphlet by a Quaker reformer, Warner Mifflin. In the letter, President Adams expresses his views on slavery, the dangers posed by abolitionists (who at the time were mostly Quakers and unpopular religious radicals), and emancipation. In his letter, Adams mistakenly concludes that slavery was an institution in decline, writing that "I have always employed freemen both as Domesticks and Labourers, and never in my Life did I own a Slave." The 1790 census counted almost 700,000 slaves. According to the census of 1800, the year before Adams wrote this letter, that number had grown to almost 900,000. Adams also writes that "The Abolition of Slavery must be gradual and accomplished with much caution and Circumspection..." Adams argues (optimistically) that "other Evils in our Country... are growing (whereas the practice of slavery is fast diminishing) and threaten to bring punishment on our Land, more immediately than the oppression of the blacks." en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Gilder Lehrman Collection en_US
dc.rights Gilder Lehrman Collection en_US
dc.rights.uri http://www.freedomcenter.org/about-us/contact-us/ en_US
dc.subject Slavery -- United States en_US
dc.subject Slaves -- Emancipation -- United States en_US
dc.subject Abolitionists -- United States en_US
dc.subject Churchman, George, 1730-1814 en_US
dc.subject Lindley, Jacob en_US
dc.subject Mifflin, Warner, 1745-1798 en_US
dc.title Letter to George Churchman and Jacob Lindley en_US
dc.type Autograph letter signed en_US
dc.publisher.digital National Underground Railroad Freedom Center en_US
dc.contributor.repository Gilder Lehrman Collection at the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center en_US
dc.repository.place Cincinnati, Ohio en_US
dc.rights.permissions World en_US

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